The horse basic training, especially a pony, may sound fun at first, but it is also quite a challenge. Especially if you are a beginner, the character of a horse, and of a pony without tame is difficult to handle, and can even be dangerous, so I recommend that you leave this in the hands of an expert trainer, however, that does not limit you you want to learn. Your equine friend will always be in constant learning, they are very intelligent animals, so when you realize that he learns something new, it must be very rewarding for you.
PONY BASIC TRAINING
Basic pony training includes activities such as leading, tying, and crossing. This training is the basis for a more advanced training of ponies of all kinds. It may seem too much at first, but a true trainer and owner must be involved in this type of dressage exercise in order to foster the bond that must be forged in the animal and its owner.
The basic leadership position will place the coach, standing slightly in front and to the left of the pony while holding the reins or rope in his right hand and the rest in his left hand. Left-handed coaches may wish to switch sides and hold the reins in their dominant hand with the rest in their right hand. As you drive your pony, give it enough room for it to follow you, reducing slack only when the pony is not obeying. A quick snap of the reins or ropes will redirect the attention of a distracted pony. If your pony gets too close, an elbow strike encourages it to return to its place. For the most restless ponies, constantly pull to one side to force a circular jog until the focus is on. Then you can continue to lead in one line. Similarly, you can pull the pony towards you to compensate for balance. Always remember to use verbal cues when directing the pony, so he will pay more attention with command voices.
You can tie your pony’s rope and rein to the ground or other object when you’re working and need to keep it still. The process requires the pony to remain standing, with its back straight and a distributed weight.
The pony’s head should be raised and face forward. A movement of the crop against any part of the body that is not in correct form will help to correct the posture. You can tell your pony to relax, but this is the main position of being tethered. Ground bonding is a specific type of bonding where you leave your pony alone so you can get away and do other activities. Tying to the ground requires much longer reins (approximately 25 feet). Take your pony to the place where you want to put it and give instructions to “stay” or “stand”.
Pull the reins back, step forward and look at your pony. When your pony remains in position, you can return to the leadership position and encourage it with a “Good Pony” as the command voice. Otherwise, use a command like “Wrong” to correct your pony. Repeat this process 5-10 times to train your pony. After successfully completing, you can increase the distance by two steps each. Finally, you will be at the end of the reins and you can walk away.
Tying requires a sturdy wall, pole, or other object where you can secure a ring that sits at the shoulder of the pony. Take your pony to the ring, tell it to stand up and walk away. Use verbal cues or even a harvest if your pony tries to back off.
Repeat training until your pony remains in place in the ring. At this point, you can take your pony to the ring, signal it to stay, and pass the reins or rope through the ring. Although you may want to tie it up, keep holding the reins and walk away, increasing the distance until you reach the end of the reins. When your pony can stay in place with the rope through the rings for ten minutes, you can complete the tie and workout.
The last type of tie is the cross tie. As the name implies, the ropes will cross and restrict your pony to a more stable position. The ropes will be long enough to secure them to the walls or posts on either side of the pony and only touch the point where they cross. Cross lacing requires an obedient pony that can remain in that pose for 15 minutes. Take your pony to the location of the cross tie, then instruct it to stop. The ropes are attached to both sides of the halter. Then you can separate the regular reins or leave them around your pony’s neck.
As with other workouts, give your pony a few minutes to get used to the new ropes, perhaps brushing it to calm it down. Remember to have on hand your kit of special brushes. Replace the lead rope and return your pony to its position. Repeat this process several times, increasing the time your pony spends on cross ties.
The last type of basic training of ponies is their hygiene, this part can be turned into something really tranquilizer for the horse. Your hands and a special brush will caress the pony’s body.
Grooming can work as a type of aftercare as a session training ends, and you can also use it to calm your pony down before. First, you need to take your pony and tie it to a ring or pole. Start cleaning in the neck and moving downwards, with circular movements you caress the entire body with the brush.
With smooth movements they help protect the hair. Follow this by brushing the tail. The brushing ends when there are no knots left in the tail and you can easily pass your fingers. Finally, with a soft towel you can finish grooming your pony.
Basic training will leave you with a well-behaved and well-groomed pony. You can move on to intermediate pony training.
I recommend that you continue with the next article, to advance more about the training for beginners.
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