Basic equipment for horses

BASIC EQUIPMENT FOR HORSES-BEGGINER RIDER


To ride a horse for the first time, you will need some essential elements to be able to do it properly and, of course, enjoy the activity together with your equine friend, either riding it or just driving it. There are elements that you may already have, such as forks, wheelbarrows, and shovels used to clean up afterwards, these are the same elements that you would buy at any gardening hardware store or other cleaning job in the field, but instead there will be others more specific than You will need to buy, such as reins, horse halters, saddles and special brushes for cleaning. Remember that these elements are gradually incorporated into practice, that way, you can adapt your pony keeping it comfortable and happy. You should also have a supply of hay for several weeks and any supplement or grain with which you decide to feed your small horse. You must have fences and stables ready and the place where your equine friend will sleep. And obviously a good supply of fresh water, so that your pony is healthy.

The list that I present below is the basic equipment that you must have to be able to feed it, be able to drive it, assemble it, resolve emergencies, medical equipment and others. Stay here and take a pencil and paper.

Riding

You’ll probably decide to ride either English or western, and this will help you decide what type of tack to buy. To help with saddle fit, you should probably buy a saddle after you’ve brought your horse home, or had a chance to try any saddle you’re thinking of buying on the horse.

  • Stirrups and stirrup leathers
  • Saddle with girth or cinch
  • A saddle pad or blanket
  • Bridle and bit
  • Helmet
  • Optional: lunge line
  • Optional: tendon boots, bell boots, any other leg support or protection the horse may need

Barn and Pasture Maintenance

  • Pitchfork
  • Stable broom
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Extension cord
  • Secure, dry place to store hay/feed/tack/supplies
  • Manure Fork
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Spare lightbulbs

Handling and Grooming

  • Mane Comb
  • Cloth (an old washcloth will do)
  • Halter
  • Lead Ropes
  • Hoof Pick
  • Curry Comb
  • Body Brush
  • Fly repellent
  • Blankets for cold weather if needed
  • Sweat sheet if needed

Emergency Care

Emergency information and gear should be posted or stored in a place that is easy to find if there is an emergency.

  • List of Emergency Numbers, including veterinarian, farrier, local animal control
  • First-Aid Kit

Feeding Equipment

  • Feed pan for individual feeding
  • Feed container (preferably metal or plastic with secure lid to prevent rodents) to hold feed
  • Water trough or large buckets
  • Water heater or heated buckets if you live in an area that experiences freezing temperatures.

Driving

There are several types of harnesses, both light and heavy horse. You’ll need to learn which is the right type for the driving you wish to do.

  • Harness with bridle
  • Safe, sturdy vehicle
  • Driving Whip
  • Helmet


I recommend you make a checklist, so you can verify what items you have, and which ones you should buy immediately. Once you have verified everything, you are ready to receive and begin the training of dear pony.

HORSE ADVANCED TRAINING

pony kisses


How to train a horse
pony


Once you have learned the basic training of your little horse, you are ready to advance to the next level. We will tell you the step by step to be able to tame it, with much patience, love and respect.

LEG PERFORMANCE

Leg performance is a specific type of dressage that underlies a few more movements. In horses, leg movement results in a slightly diagonal movement as the horse moves to the side and forward when pressure is applied to his leg or crop. You will train your pony to do the same. First, you will teach leg performance as your pony walks, the slowest gait. You can train for faster steps in the future. If you want your pony to yield to the left, apply tension to the right rein to keep your pony in a straight line. Move the right side of the pony with the crop / whip so that it yields to the left. Reverse these movements to train your pony to yield to the right.

DRIVING THE PONY👈👈

If you want to guide your pony from behind, you will have to teach it to drive, and the sooner you do it, the better! Driving is essential for pony ponies. When you need your pony to slow down, you can apply pressure to both reins and then release them. Your pony may require you to repeat this. More pressure means a faster / slower stop and signals your pony to drop gear (from canter to canter for jogging and walking). If you want your pony to slow down gradually and without losing pace, use less pressure.

The previous description, both basic and advanced, are techniques that you must apply constantly and repetitively, in this way the little horse will gradually learn and get used to your orders and all the accessories you need to be able to ride it. Remember that Pony specifically tend to have a more spirited character, so it may take a little longer. It is all a matter of putting a lot of love and respect in him, since once he trusts you, he will allow you to advance more quickly in his training.

Keep in mind, that these indications are only for the initial training of the horse, if you require a training or jumping technique, or some type of particular step, I recommend that you spend time reading more specialized books on the subject, this It will prevent you from injury, or injury to your pony, or from improvising, it is better to previously study the technique in a theoretical way and then go to put it into practice on the ground, with all the fundamentals.


This figure that I show you here is an outline with the 6 steps of dressage. This process can take up to 6 years to bring the horse or pony to a very advanced level.

I encourage and go for it. ¡HA YO SILVER!

HORSE BASIC TRAINING

horse girl

HOW TO TRAINING A HORSE

The horse basic training, especially a pony, may sound fun at first, but it is also quite a challenge. Especially if you are a beginner, the character of a horse, and of a pony without tame is difficult to handle, and can even be dangerous, so I recommend that you leave this in the hands of an expert trainer, however, that does not limit you you want to learn. Your equine friend will always be in constant learning, they are very intelligent animals, so when you realize that he learns something new, it must be very rewarding for you.

PONY BASIC TRAINING

Basic pony training includes activities such as leading, tying, and crossing. This training is the basis for a more advanced training of ponies of all kinds. It may seem too much at first, but a true trainer and owner must be involved in this type of dressage exercise in order to foster the bond that must be forged in the animal and its owner.

COACH

The basic leadership position will place the coach, standing slightly in front and to the left of the pony while holding the reins or rope in his right hand and the rest in his left hand. Left-handed coaches may wish to switch sides and hold the reins in their dominant hand with the rest in their right hand. As you drive your pony, give it enough room for it to follow you, reducing slack only when the pony is not obeying. A quick snap of the reins or ropes will redirect the attention of a distracted pony. If your pony gets too close, an elbow strike encourages it to return to its place. For the most restless ponies, constantly pull to one side to force a circular jog until the focus is on. Then you can continue to lead in one line. Similarly, you can pull the pony towards you to compensate for balance. Always remember to use verbal cues when directing the pony, so he will pay more attention with command voices.

TIES

You can tie your pony’s rope and rein to the ground or other object when you’re working and need to keep it still. The process requires the pony to remain standing, with its back straight and a distributed weight.

The pony’s head should be raised and face forward. A movement of the crop against any part of the body that is not in correct form will help to correct the posture. You can tell your pony to relax, but this is the main position of being tethered. Ground bonding is a specific type of bonding where you leave your pony alone so you can get away and do other activities. Tying to the ground requires much longer reins (approximately 25 feet). Take your pony to the place where you want to put it and give instructions to “stay” or “stand”.

Pull the reins back, step forward and look at your pony. When your pony remains in position, you can return to the leadership position and encourage it with a “Good Pony” as the command voice. Otherwise, use a command like “Wrong” to correct your pony. Repeat this process 5-10 times to train your pony. After successfully completing, you can increase the distance by two steps each. Finally, you will be at the end of the reins and you can walk away.

Tying requires a sturdy wall, pole, or other object where you can secure a ring that sits at the shoulder of the pony. Take your pony to the ring, tell it to stand up and walk away. Use verbal cues or even a harvest if your pony tries to back off.


Repeat training until your pony remains in place in the ring. At this point, you can take your pony to the ring, signal it to stay, and pass the reins or rope through the ring. Although you may want to tie it up, keep holding the reins and walk away, increasing the distance until you reach the end of the reins. When your pony can stay in place with the rope through the rings for ten minutes, you can complete the tie and workout.

CROSS TIE

The last type of tie is the cross tie. As the name implies, the ropes will cross and restrict your pony to a more stable position. The ropes will be long enough to secure them to the walls or posts on either side of the pony and only touch the point where they cross. Cross lacing requires an obedient pony that can remain in that pose for 15 minutes. Take your pony to the location of the cross tie, then instruct it to stop. The ropes are attached to both sides of the halter. Then you can separate the regular reins or leave them around your pony’s neck.


As with other workouts, give your pony a few minutes to get used to the new ropes, perhaps brushing it to calm it down. Remember to have on hand your kit of special brushes. Replace the lead rope and return your pony to its position. Repeat this process several times, increasing the time your pony spends on cross ties.

PONY HYGIENE

The last type of basic training of ponies is their hygiene, this part can be turned into something really tranquilizer for the horse. Your hands and a special brush will caress the pony’s body.

Grooming can work as a type of aftercare as a session training ends, and you can also use it to calm your pony down before. First, you need to take your pony and tie it to a ring or pole. Start cleaning in the neck and moving downwards, with circular movements you caress the entire body with the brush.

With smooth movements they help protect the hair. Follow this by brushing the tail. The brushing ends when there are no knots left in the tail and you can easily pass your fingers. Finally, with a soft towel you can finish grooming your pony.

Basic training will leave you with a well-behaved and well-groomed pony. You can move on to intermediate pony training.



I recommend that you continue with the next article, to advance more about the training for beginners.


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HOW TO TAME YOUR PONY STEP BY STEP

The dressage process must be gradual and carried out with delicacy, patience and above all a lot of respect; you have to get used to all the mounting elements little by little, for them we must gradually familiarize them with them.


Along with cats and dogs, horses are one of the animals that have accompanied humans the longest, and as we have read in one of our other articles, ponies have accompanied us for much longer; therefore, the character of the pony is usually more spirited, so we must double our patience if we want to tame it without damaging it.

STEP ONE -TAMING DE PONY

The first thing we must do is create a bond with our Pony, the ideal is to gain their trust first and make them feel in a safe area. This process is essential to make him understand that we are not a threat to him and that he can rest easy. For this we can resort to different methods when caressing it and having direct contact with it; You can start by calling it with soft sounds and clicks or whistles. You can talk to him very softly and gently, without making very loud or sudden sounds that can scare or alert him.


Never go near it without it allowing you to approach it of your own free will; always observe body language. The ideal in this case is that the equine approaches by itself and greets you with affection, a show of confidence on his part will be that he will bow his head towards you.


Nor do I advise you to hit or intimidate him in any way. With these actions you are only delaying the process of how to tame the pony, and even making the situation worse; As I said in the beginning, you should always treat him with respect and politeness. Also remember that the animal must observe you at all times, so never get behind it, this can be dangerous too.

To further strengthen the bond, try giving it some grass and water while stroking it. The animal will associate this action with a good will and will be more submissive. Once you think you’ve earned their trust, it’s time to move on to the next stage.


Second step -TAMING DE PONY

This stage consists of getting him used to the riding team👀 so that he becomes familiar and does not get nervous having everything on top. Likewise, it is about teaching him to obey orders and to follow us.


We started, getting used to the halter, which is the piece that will go on its muzzle and head and which will allow us to maneuver with agility. It’s not good to put it on right away, so let it smell the piece, watch it, and get familiar with it initially before putting it on your head.


When you think it is convenient, check that you are already comfortable with it. If you notice that the animal is calm, this will be a good sign, but if on the contrary it is restless or impatient, it is recommended to withdraw it immediately and wait to try it at another time. Don’t push it.

With each of the ❤elements you need❤ to be able to maneuver or assemble it, you must follow the same process, the flange, the mouthpiece and the pieces of the eyes. Once you manage to place each of the pieces, it is time to continue to the next phase.


Third step-TAMING THE PONY

By accustoming him to the rein we will get him to obey us without him feeling obliged to follow us. Rather, we seek to create the guiding vision in you. Try guiding him a few meters in a circle without forcing him to do so and without raising your voice. Always remember without pressure. At the same time I recommend you start giving him some command voices, so that he understands when to stop and when to move, among other actions. Once you think it’s convenient, it’s time to move on to the last stage


Fourth step -TAMING THE PONY

Just like we have done with the other items, the seat and saddle you should let him get familiar with, and so let him smell and examine them. In the case of the saddle, you should not leave it on the horse the first time, but let him know that it is on his back. Never adjust the straps to the maximum the first time you put them on. This will only scare the horse and hinder the process; The pressure should be adjusted little by little and over time to prevent this from happening. Once you are able to use all the equipment and can get on it, you must repeat the process as many times as necessary so that the pony finishes familiarizing itself with all the process and equipment👀, and naturalizes this practice.

PONY ORIGIN AND DIFFERENT BREEDS

PONY BREEDS

As we said very briefly in a previous article, ponies or ponies are a kind of small horse, and this size is not due to any deformity or genetic abnormality, they represent a true breed. As a general rule, the size of a pony should not exceed 1.50 cm high, and its approximate weight can be around 100 kg.

Likewise within this breed we have ponies of different races that may have variations in their size, shapes and fur, changes very closely related to their place of origin. But Despite these distinct characteristics among its variations, The International Equestrian Federation (FEI) only considers size as the sole criterion for classifying a horse as a pony or not.

According to its rules, any horse with a height less than 1.47 cm, (1.48 if considering the horseshoe) corresponds to this classification. This is a parameter that is also taken into account in official competitions.

Current studies show us that the current horse has its origin in ancestors with sizes very similar to those of the current pony, which may lead us to think that our steeds as we know them today have been evolved ponies that were acquiring greater height to adapt. to man-made domestication processes.

 The scientific name of this animal is eqqus caballus, belonging to:

  • FILO: Chordata.
  • CLASS: Mammalia.
  • ORDER: Perissodactyla.
  • FAMILY: Equidae.
  • GENDER: Equus.

The life expectancy of this rocking horse is around 25 years approximately, but this can vary from one breed to another and of course to the animal’s living conditions. The pony’s gestation time is 320 days.

They have been classified into the four main types of Eurasian primitive horses, and currently we can distinguish up to 55 breeds of ponies. Many of these are native to Western Europe, and the smallest of them is the Shetland, with sizes ranging from 70 cm to 110 cm.

Other breeds from this region are found: the Asturcones, the Mochinos, the Galician Ponies, and the Forest. But the ones we know best are the Exmoor from Great Britain.

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Next, we will make a brief description of some of the best known breeds:

Shetlan Pony

It is one of the most popular breeds, being the smallest pony in the world. Originally from the Shetland Islands, in Scotland, it is very small and its size at the withers is between 87 and 110 centimeters. There are two varieties, on the one hand the standard Shetland, which is slightly over a meter tall, and the mini Shetland, which does not exceed 87 centimeters in height. Likewise, there is also the American Shetland pony, which measures about 103 centimeters. It is a very strong and rustic breed, being a pony that presents a diverse coloration (brown, light brown, white and black, …), being the exemplary par excellence for children. It is a breed with a kind and generous character but somewhat stubborn. They have great vitality and endurance.

Pony Pottoka

This pony is a breed raised in the Basque Country that could already be found in cave paintings thousands of years old, a breed whose size is between 112 and 132 centimeters in height, its layers being mainly black and chestnut color and without any white stain. It is a breed whose popularity has been increasing thanks to its ability to be used in dressage, show jumping, hunting and walks, being animals that are fast, strong and docile.

Pony Fallabela: The Falabella is a horse that is often mistaken for a pony although it really isn’t. It is a horse of small stature that has a maximum height of 80 centimeters, being the smallest of the horses, a mini horse that has been bred and selected to achieve the smallest possible size, although it cannot be considered a pony since it does not it has its usual characteristics.Its name is due to the family that was most involved in the selection of specimens and care of the miniature horse, which has resulted in this specimen, which is characterized by being calm, affectionate, docile and intelligent.

Although it is a weak animal, it can have considerable strength for its small size. It was originally developed in Argentina during the 19th century, being a breed that inherited some characteristics similar to the lineage of ponies, such as their robust bones and abundant fur on the tail and mane.

Its coat is silky and fine and it can be presented in different colors, although the most common ones are pinto, zaino, sorrel and bay. Its weight is usually around 70-80 Kg and its life expectancy is approximately 45 years.

Pony of the americas

This pony was born from a crossing carried out by a selection of different breeds of horses and ponies, among which are the Appaloosa horse and the Shetland pony, which makes it common to have the First layer of skin, with mottling and spots all over the body.

Caspiano Pony

The Caspiano pony breed is a very small breed, reaching some specimens with a height up to the withers of just 102 centimeters, although specimens reaching 122 centimeters can be found. At the layer level, the most common are sorrel, black, chestnut and thrush, being a breed native to Iran, where they continue to be very popular. They are refined and slim body, with great intelligence and capacity to be trained, which makes them stand out in different athletic activities such as show jumping or pony racing. They are easy to handle by children.

Pony Landes

This breed of pony, which enjoys great popularity throughout the world, was born in the Landes region of France, from where it receives the name by which it is known, a breed whose height at the cross is situated between 118 and 140 centimeters. It is a very old breed that descended from the Tarpán, its origins being common to those of the rest of the horses, which was recognized in 1971. For its origin it is claimed that there were crosses of horses of Arab blood, beard and Spanish, although it is not of the all clear how all these crosses affected the evolution of the breed.

Pony from the mountains of Wales

Welsh pony, is a breed with excellent sports qualities that have led it to become a regular competitor, a pony that has a height that is below 120 centimeters. Its most common layer is the thrush, although all except the pint and pía are allowed. It has a concave profile head, with small ears and a bulging forehead, with sloping backs, a medium-length neck and a muscular back, with thin and resistant limbs. Their behavior is intelligent and spirited, being suitable for riding, as well as being generally active and cheerful

Ponny Dartmoor

The Dartmoor Pony is a breed less than 124cm in size that is perfect as a riding pony. Of English origin, it has a rough and wild habitat, being able to withstand poor vegetation and scrub, a resistant and strong specimen, an animal of safe passage that is used to coping through difficult terrain. It is a robust, calm, docile and sensitive breed, being perfect for both children and competition, being easy to train and used to transport heavy loads. In competition they have reaped great achievements in show jumping, as well as dressage and cross country. In addition, it also stands out as a pony, being able to compete against larger equines.

In addition to those mentioned above we can name Forest, Connemara Dales and Highland. Did you see how much variety? And there are still many more races to describe. And what is the race that you liked the most?

SUPPLIES FOR HORSES

supplies for horse

DO YOU WANT A PONY?


You are looking supplies for horses, right? ands ure, that’s why you’re hereIf you are here, is it because you are thinking, and what would happen, if I bought or adopted a pony ¿maybe? The first thing you should know is that this beautiful animal requires special care. Here we will give you a few guidelines on what you should know, before launching into this magnificent adventure. In this site you will find all the necessary supplies to be able to take care of your magnificent animal as it deserves.


How to feed a horse or pony

Welcoming any animal implies the acquisition of a great responsibility, for this reason it is essential to previously know what care the pony requires to determine if our commitment is sufficient to cover these basic needs. The pony is a herbivorous animal and its diet consists exclusively of foods of plant origin, being able to distinguish two main parts:

• Concentrated food: Concentrated food is one that is very rich in energy, such as oats, barley or corn.

• Fibrous food: The main fibrous food in the pony’s diet is hay. You can also provide other foods that you especially like, such as carrots and some fruit.

The pony needs to always have a block of mineral salt and clean and fresh water available, in the same way, its feeding should be supervised by a qualified professional since it must adapt to the horse’s age and time of year, making any dietary change from progressively to avoid the appearance of colic.

There are lots of questions regarding horse feeding; like what is the amount of feed that must be given per day?

And there are also many answers, because each horse or pony is unique and the daily ration is subject to the breed, the age of the horse, the weight, the activity, the amount of hay or forage, the season (outside temperature), etc. As you will see many factors intervene.

Every horse and pony is different, and they also have individual needs. Just as the ration (the daily amount for each horse) can vary greatly from horse to horse.

Next, I am going to give you some general advice. But keep in mind that they must be adjusted to the needs and characteristics of your equine friend. Let’s start by defining the level of activity your horse has.

Gold rules

In addition to the feeding tips below, always keep in mind The 7 Golden Rules for horse feeding:

  • Supply the food in small quantities.
  • Horses feed naturally on herbage; Your stomach and intestines are ready to eat often, but in small quantities.
  • In the meadow, horses spend 60-80% of the day searching for grass.
  • Changes in rations and times should be done little by little. For example, if you count on substituting one food for another, we must do it in several days (eg first day: 25% – 75%, second day: 50% – 50%; third day: 75% – 25%).
  • Feed your horse as needed. If you get fat, give less and if you lose weight, give more. Always give him enough fodder (Herbs, Hay, Straw).
  • A horse cannot be without forage. Always give the horse a little hay before giving the granules or muesli feed. Chewing produces saliva; This will prevent colic or choking (obstruction of the esophagus).
  • After feeding, allow your horse to rest for at least an hour before feeding. Your horse must always have fresh water

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Legal aspects

The laws that regulate horse ownership can vary from one autonomous community to another, so it is advisable to inform yourself appropriately before adopting the horse.

The generic aspects included in this type of legislation are the following:

  • The owner has the obligation to keep the horse in adequate hygienic and sanitary conditions .
  • The stable must meet certain conditions: adequate dimensions, effective closings, potable water, good hygiene and ventilation.
  • All preventive treatments that are declared mandatory must be performed .
  • Horses that transit through the general circulation routes must comply with the traffic regulations, although it will always be preferred that they transit through alternative routes.

Horses health care

It is important to have a trusted veterinarian to advise us on the most suitable sanitary program for the pony, since veterinary care will be essential to keep the animal in an optimal state of health. Health care affects any horse but is especially important for breeding mares and young foals. Vaccines and deworming should be applied periodically generally, acquiring a special importance during the spring to prevent numerous diseases that may occur in the following months.


So if you are prepared to fulfill all these responsibilities so that your equine friend is healthy and happy, I leave you these links that will be of your interest to buy everything you need to take care of your pony.


Well, these are some of the basic supplies for horses, that your little friend may need.

WHAT IS A PONY

pony is a horse

Pony Characteristics

The pony is a small horse, in fact the International Equestrian Federation only takes into account this criterion to consider that a horse is a pony; This is why the regulations establish that any horse with a height that does not exceed 1.48 meters falls into this category.

When they are well trained they turn out to be very useful for children to learn horse riding. But despite their size, they are very strong, so they are also used for people with disabilities, even if they are adults. The shetlan being the smallest of the existing pony, with a height of about 70 cm.

The ponies of some races show complexion and features similar to those of dwarfism: such as a large head, a long back and very short legs; they look like dwarf horses. Well, actually according to regulations, they are dwarf horses. There are ponies of other species that resemble common horses in shape and retain their proportions.

PONY BREEDS

There are different pony breeds, such as exmoor, Welsh, shetlan and asturcon; There are a wide variety of pony breeds, among the smallest we have •

Pony of the Americas.

  • Pony Landés
  • Pottoka.
  • Pony Caspiano.
  • Pony from the mountains of Wales.
  • Dartmoor Pony.
  • Pony Shetland.
  • Falabella.

We will dedicate a separate article describing each of the races with their special characteristics.


Whatever the breed of your pony, they require special care and food is basic to keep them healthy. I recommend that you analyze these products that I leave you in the link, perhaps they are necessary for your friend.

Remember that it is always important to consult your vet first, he is the most suitable to give you the corresponding instructions. CLIC HERE👈

Pony’s love is in the air


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