First define what we know today as a horse; From classification in the animal kingdom, this is considered a perissodactyl herbivore, that is, of the Order of placental mammals. From his taxonomy we see him as an imposing being with a long neck and arched and populated by long manes, and a long abundant tail that looks like mane. The female of the horse is called mare and respectively their young are male foals or foals, and if they are female fillies or fillies.
The breeding and use of the horse by man and its domestication dates back to approximately 3600 BC. C., in the region of Kazakhstan.
¿ But what is the authentic origin of the horse?¿ What if we have heard of it even in Greek mythology and in fairy tales, with spectacular additional features like horned wings, and with supernatural powers?
Unicorns particularly emerge as protagonists in Viking stories and legends, they are not mythological beings as many think, in fact, in the stories that arise through it they were considered real, for this reason the Greek writers of natural history were convinced of their existence , and they were located in India, a fabulous and distant kingdom for them.
The oldest known representation of unicorns is that of the Greek physician Ctesias, in his book Indica who described them as wild, light-footed donkeys, having a horn one and a half cubits (70 cm) in length, and colored white, red and black, dates back to 400 BC. C. during his expeditions to India; he described it as a wild animal from India with the “appearance” of a horse, but with the white body, the purple head and the intense blue eyes, here the horn of this prodigious beast, was the protagonist, since It had medicinal properties that allowed stomach problems, epilepsy and even poisonings to heal.
They described him as an animal with solitary habits and very elusive, but equally aggressive, so his hunting was particularly difficult. The nobles of the Middle Ages sent hunters to India to hunt the unicorn, it was chased by its horn due to all the properties it had; among them making the person who administered it very long-lived, they attributed the gift of eternal youth, and for obtaining this remedy against death, the nobles of antiquity paid incredible numbers.
But how are unicorns similar to Pegasus, what is their similarity? If we look at the modern image of the unicorn also has wings, but how could you read previously, the unicorn in none of its ancient descriptions has wings on its body, then what is the difference with the Pegasus?
Pegasus is the beautiful winged horse and is one of the most famous stories of Greek mythology, Pegasus was born from the sea, was the son of Poseidon, and was the first horse to occupy a place next to the Gods of Olympus.
The strongest story in reference to its birth is that it emerged from the neck of Medusa when Perseus cut its throat, when its blood came into contact with the sea, it was fertilized and from there this mythical creature was born, capable of flying with its imposing wings and capable of make the water come out of the ground every time he stepped on it.
Pegasus was admired by Bellerophon who managed to calm the indomitable beast for a time with a gold bridle that the goddess Athena gave him, this allowed him to ride it and win important battles like the one he had with the Chimera. With this book learn more about fantastic Greek mythology.
But when Bellerophon’s ego climbed to the point of wanting to be just one more God of Olympus, he unleashed the fury of Zeus who sent an insect to bite Pegasus while he rode him, causing him to knock him to the ground, and allowing Pegasus escape the golden bridle and be free again. This is how Zeus named him owner of lightning and thunder as a symbol of his power, and named him as guide to the carriage of Aurora. It was Zeus who also gave him a place in the sky by turning it into a constellation. Beauty that we can still admire today.
As we can see, the horse as a symbol of power has been well represented in the fantastic stories, with wings and horns or without these particular characteristics, the horse as we know it today is still an animal symbol of domination and imposing and spirited, and with unrivaled features that remain a symbol of beauty, elegance and rebellion.
If you want to learn more about Greek mythology 👈and history, if you want to know more about the ancestors of horses 👈, or an endless number of other stories👈, I leave you in these book links that can help enrich your knowledge and love about our equine friends .